What is type 2 Diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a progressive metabolic disorder that is characterized by insulin resistance or sensitivity to insulin is reduced, and pancreatic cells to dysfunction. The pancreas is a part of the endocrine system. The pancreas is responsible for releasing insulin into the bloodstream. Insulin is a hormone that is needed by most cells to take blood glucose as an energy source.
There are two conditions that can lead to diabetes mellitus type 2. First, if the pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin to maintain normal glucose levels. Second, if the cells resist or do not respond to insulin properly. When one of these occurs, the sugar cannot be broken down, so it cannot be utilized by the body. Then, the sugar will accumulate in the blood stream and increase the risk of serious complications. Among other things, heart disease and blood vessels, nerve damage, hearing loss, and skin diseases. A buildup of sugar can also trigger a serious damage to the legs, eyes, and kidneys.
Diabetes mellitus type 2, previously known as adult-onset diabetes, are far more common than type 1 diabetes. The development of diabetes is associated with genetic factors and lifestyle. More risky are those with a family history of severe disease, passive lifestyle, and obesity or overweight. There is currently no which can cure this disease, but lifestyle changes and medications can help deal with the symptoms effectively and prevent complications.
The cause of Diabetes mellitus type 2
Not yet known definitively why the body rejects the insulin or pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin. Also the reason why some people with risk factors can be stricken with the disease, while others are not. However, the researchers believe that the following factors may increase the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus:
Age-the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus increases after age 45 years
A history of diabetes in the family
High blood pressure
History of diabetes gestasional
Low levels of good cholesterol or high triglycerides levels
Obesity or overweight
Polisistik ovarian syndrome or PCOS
Race-for some reason, compared to other races, the disease is more common in the Hispanic race, African-American, Indian, and Asian-Americans.
Lifestyle passive or inactive
The main symptoms of Diabetes mellitus type 2
Most people with type 2 diabetes do not manifest any symptoms. Many of those who are undiagnosed until complications. However, some of them experienced:
Feeling tired and lethargic
Frequent urination and thirst is easy
The wound or cut throat hard to recover
Skin on the underarms and neck feels softer and darker
Weight loss without the intentional
When uncontrolled, diabetes can led to serious complications which showed severe signs and symptoms, such as:
Nerve damage or neuropathy diabetic-approximately 70% of patients stricken with diabetes diabetic neuropathy. High blood sugar levels can cause serious damage to the peripheral nerves throughout the body. As a result, patients experience pain, numbness, tingling sensations, and loss of feeling in the feet, hands, arms, and legs.
Erectile dysfunction-many men suffering from erectile dysfunction due to developed type 2 diabetes. The inability to maintain an erection caused by nerves and blood vessels that govern erection suffered damage.
Heart disease and erectile
High blood pressure
Damage to the eye, which can lead to blindness
Anxiety and depression
Alzheimer’s Disease-Research advocates if diabetes can reduce or inhibit blood flow to the brain. This could culminate in Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia.
Gum disease-Diabetes generally make dry mouth, thereby increasing the risk of infection of the teeth, gum disease, cavities, and mouth ulcers.